A new review written sources and studies in historical climatology of the tropics and subtropics has come out in the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. Authors David Nash (University of Brighton) and George Adamson (King’s College London) examine the potential of documentary evidence to extend back temperature, rainfall, El Niño/La Niña, and storm records for less studied parts of the globe, particularly Africa and Latin America.
Available here: http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00030.1
7 – 11 April 2015, University of Bern, Switzerland
“Bicentenary of the great Tambora eruption”Two hundred years after the eruption of the Tambora volcano in April 1815, an event that changed global climate, the University of Bern and the Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR) organize the international conference ‘Volcanoes, Climate, and Society’.
SCOPE OF THE CONFERENCE
The April 1815 eruption of Tambora changed global climate, it caused a “Year Without a Summer” which affected societies, and it changed science. Two hundred years later, we want to look back at this event, and look forward. What is the state of knowledge on the 1815 eruption and its aftermath? What has science learned from the event, and what more can we learn from it?
In the conference, we will revisit the 1815 eruption from a volcanologists perspective, we will approach the eruption from the point of view of climate proxies, we will search its traces in historical climate reconstructions and we will re-enact the event in model simulations. The conference will also explore how our ancestors managed the crisis that followed the eruption.
FORMAT AND SESSIONS
The conference will cover the following topics:
* Volcanic eruptions, atmospheric processes, and aerosols: models and observations
* Volcanic eruptions recorded in paleo-environmental archives
* Historical climatology and documentary data
* Impacts and societal responses
* Arts and culture
We plan to have about 20 invited lectures covering the key themes listed above. In addition, there will be ample time for contributed talks and poster sessions.
Hans Graf (U. Cambridge, UK), Alan Robock (Rutgers U., USA), Susan Solomon (MIT, USA), Markus Rex (AWI, Potsdam, DE), Tom Crowley (U. Edinburgh, UK), Phil Jones (CRU, U. East Anglia, UK), Jürg Luterbacher (U. Giessen, DE), Dennis Wheeler (Emeritus, UK), Eduardo Zorita (HZG, Geesthacht, DE), Claudia Timmreck (MPI Hamburg, DE), Rudolf Brazdil (U. Brno, CZ), Matthias Dörries (Univ. Strasbourg, FR), Gillen D’Arcy Wood (U. Illinois Urbana-Champaign, USA), John Thornes (U. Birmingham, UK)
For more information, click here.
<from the ICHM listserve>
We draw your attention to the 14th Annual Meeting of the European Meteorological Society (EMS) and the 10th European Conference on Applied Climatology (ECAC). These meetings will take place 6 – 10 October 2014 in Prague, Czech Republic. EMS & ECAC 2014 conference theme: Creating climate services through partnerships The scientific programme and abstract submission are now accessible here. Deadline for abstract submission with application for Young Scientist Travel Award (YSTA) or waiver: 12 March 2014. Deadline for abstract submission: 15 April 2014.
The session programme consists of the following programme groups: – Monitoring climate and climate change (MC) – Understanding processes and climate change (UC) – Research and services for socio-economic sectors (SE) – Communication and education (CE) – Numerical weather prediction (NWP) – The atmospheric system and its interactions (ASI)
Full information will be available on the conference web site: ems2014.eu
The International Consortium of Environmental History Organizations is holding the next World Congress for Environmental history in Guimarães, Portugal on July 8-12, 2014. In the program (finally available) are many panels and papers on climate history. A more or less complete list follows below. (Please let know if I’m missing anything!) I will look into scheduling a formal or informal meeting for scholars of climate history, and post more information if that works out.
“Between the Sun and the Arctic: Climate Change Narratives in Media, Museums and Energy Policy Debates” (Katarina Larsen, Miyase Christensen)
“Perceiving and and Experiencing Climate Change in the Old and New Worlds” (Sam White, Bradley Skopyk, Dagomar Degroot, Nicolas Cunigan)
“A History of Pre-Modern Weather” (Parts I and II) (Alexis Metzger, Kathleen Pribyl, Maria Fátima Nunes, Ana Cravosa, Ziga Zwitter, Clark Alejandrino)
“The Sociopolitical Leverage of Extreme Weather Events in Late Medieval Europe” (Martin Bauch, Thomas Labbé, Linnéa Rowlatt)
“Considering Climate Change” (Iris Borowy, Brandon Luedtke, Julia A. Thomas, Benedetta Rossi)
“Climate History of the Czech Lands” (Petr Dobrovolny et al., Ladislava Reznícková et al.)
“Recording, Visualising, and Disseminating Cultural Memories of Extreme Weather” (Alexander Hall, Cerys Jones, Georgina Endfield, Simon Naylor)
Many other sessions will also feature papers on climate and weather including: Climate Reconstruction in Portugal (Maria Alcoforado); Climate Migration as Adaptation Strategy (Giovanni Bettini); 17th-Century Cape Climate of South Africa (Ravanya Naidoo et al.); Historical Rural Landscapes in the Apennines and Climate Changes (Charles Watkins et al.); and Plantations, Climate, Monocultures and Environmental Determinism in the American South (Mart Stewart).
The American Society for Environmental history will be holding its annual conference in San Francisco on March 12-16, 2014. Admittedly, this is an off year for climate history at the ASEH, with most attention going to the last ESEH and American Historical Association meetings and the upcoming World Congress of Environmental History in Portugal this July (I’ll post on that in a minute). We won’t be holding the usual climate history breakfast, and not many papers on climate were proposed. However, the program includes some panels to note:
“Talking about the Weather: Climate Change Beliefs in Historical Perspective,” with papers from Paul Brian Davis, Lawrence Culver, Kristina Harper, and Meredith McKittrick;
“Climates of History — Four Responses,” a roundtable with Anita Guerrini, Karl Jacoby, Dipesh Chakrabarty, and Ravi Rajan;
“Rethinking Natural Disasters,” with papers by Heli Huhtamaa, Marten Seppel, Matthew Hannaford, and Timo Myllyntaus;
and “Russian Environmental Science in Historical Perspective,” including papers on climate science by Johanna Conterio and David Moon.
In 2012 the Canadian government infamously announced changes to Library and Archives Canada (LAC) that made it much harder for researchers to access their country’s documentary heritage. The LAC’s mandate was transformed: rather than acquiring and maintaining a “comprehensive” collection, it now aimed merely to gather a “representative” assembly of Canadian documents. Funding was slashed, employees were laid off, new acquisitions were paused, documents were sold to private bidders, and resources were decentralized across Canada.
CAMEL is a free, comprehensive, interdisciplinary, multimedia resource for educators. It includes articles, videos, and course materials on a wide range of topics related to climate science, climate reconstruction, and climate change impacts. While not specifically related to climate and history (it doesn’t really deal with written sources and documentary-based reconstructions) members should still find it useful.